Land is probably the most important resources needed by man for his day to day existence. All human livelihoods and activities are directly or indirectly dependent on land at varying thresholds yet land is a limited somewhat scare resource with both artificial and natural usage barriers which has resulted in various shades of competition for its utilization and in recent times has become fiercer largely due to increasing human and animal population. Farmers and Herdsmen conflict has removed the most preponderant resource use conflict in Nigeria. This research work encompasses the relationship between farmers and cattle herdsmen in Nigeria; America and other African sub-region. The basis of this study borders on the conflict that has arisen between the farmers and herdsmen, the different methods that can be used for its resolution and how the law comes into play to restore normalcy in their relationship in order to ensure agricultural sustainability in the country. For the purpose of this research, the methods of data collection adopted are references, statute books, text books, articles, journals, and newspaper and internet materials on the subject matter.