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ABSTRACT

This project was aimed at developing a packaged food waste prevention system that allows retail stores to mitigate the problem of loss due to expiration of food products, also with the ability to provide goods nearing their end of shelf life at an auction price to interested buyers. The system is geared at solving the problem of waste of food products. It is a web based system designed with the Object-Oriented Hypermedia Design Methodology to solve the above stated problem. The result of the system is that retail stores can make well informed decisions using information gotten from the system

INTRODUCTION

Food waste prevention, is a recurring theme in the retail and supply chain of various food items. A lot of efforts have been put in place to solve this problem. According to the Sales Manager of North West & Central Africa Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Danfoss Youssef Zitouni, Nigeria’s food waste has hit $750 billion yearly. According to him, food wastage in Nigeria is incredible as “80% food wasted in Nigeria as against 33% in the world”. This shows that Nigeria contributes 33% of the world’s food waste insisting that half of Nigeria’s population faces “threats of hunger and starvation”.  Zitouni revealed this at the unveiling of Danfoss Company in Nigeria.

In the 80’s and 90’s agriculture was the major contributor to Nigeria’s GDP but recent data gotten from the National Bureau of Statistics show that the bigger contributor to our national GDP(Gross Domestic Product) is currently the Services sector. This is a pointer to the major impact that retail stores have in the country. The Nigerian consumer market is currently transitioning from its unorganized form of providing food products in shanties and batchers to a more sophisticated structure as organized retail continues to gain ascendency with the rapid establishments of brands such as Shoprite, spar and roban stores across different parts of the country. In the last two decades, the growth of organized retail has been rapid in the country. NBS data show that between 2001 and 2004, the wholesale retail sector grew by 10 percent per annum. By 2006, its contribution was 16 percent. In 2011, 2012 and 2013, it contributed 15.58%, 17.05% and 18.44% respectively. Data obtained from the population census conducted in 2006 and 2013 show that the Nigerian population has grown from 151 million to 171 million, the middle class continues to expand even as 51% of the country’s population now live in cities with enough disposable income. Hence the rapid establishment of organized retail stores across the federation.

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