As a democratic state, Nigeria is under a legal obligation to make budgets,1 by way of defining and specifying its policies for a stated period of time in a financial document. By so doing, it brings together estimates of anticipated revenues and proposed expenditures, implying the schedule of activities to be undertaken and the means of financing those activities. Hence, the procedure for the making of an Appropriation Act is one of the provisions duly covered under the constitution.2 While section 81(1) thereof provides that it shall originate first, as a bill from the President of the federation and sent to both arms of the National Assembly, section 59 provides generally for the procedure to be adopted by the National Assembly in passing such bills into law. Notably, where there is a law prescribing a duty, it is not enough that such duty is performed, any prescribed procedures to be followed in the exercise of powers ancillary to such duties must as well be complied with in other to legitimize the act as well as the outcome therefrom.
BY IKENNA CHRIS UKPAI LL.B (Nig.), BL
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